2019 RISK Award winner: “Upscaling the concept of floating homes in Bangladesh” by University of Dundee and Resilience Solution
Current approaches for managing coastal disasters often focus on building large-scale engineered constructions. Examples include flood walls, embankments or cyclone shelters on raised platforms. While these initiatives can save lives, they rarely address underlying causes of vulnerability. The 2019 RISK Award shifts that focus to a solution that is more integrated and systemic and helps families to address multiple challenges at once: disaster resilient floating homes in coastal Bangladesh. The winning organisations University of Dundee and Resilience Solution from Bangladesh received the RISK Award at the closing ceremony of the UNDRR Global Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction in Geneva on Friday 17 May 2019.
Roughly one third of the land mass of Bangladesh – home to 45 million inhabitants – is exposed to sea level rise, cyclonic storm surges, excessive soil and water salinity, tidal flooding, and coastal erosion. Extreme cyclones frequently destroy homes and livelihood assets, causing further complex social and economic challenges. To address this situation, the University of Dundee and Resilience Solution developed a concept for disaster resilient floating homes.
These homes are not regular house boats. They are complex constructions that can float on inundated areas and are resilient to floods, storms, earthquakes and river bank erosion. Furthermore, they also tackle root causes of vulnerability by giving families the opportunity to address multiple interconnected challenges at once. They improve livelihood standards as they include permaculture based food production systems with chicken and fish on verandas as well as vertical garden systems attached to walls. Drinking water supplies are secured through big tanks harvesting rain water. Renewable energy systems allow families to continue conducting the most basic activities that require electricity in times of disasters and a sanitation system secures hygiene standards. Hence, this innovative concept helps families to live through inundation periods without losing the means to satisfy the most pressing needs. The houses help to adapt to climate and environmental changes and they provide their part to mitigation of climate change via renewable energy production. They even provide opportunities to create further income through selling e.g. home-grown plants, eggs and more.
In a pilot phase three homes were built in Bangladesh in Dularchar at River Ganges south of Dhaka. The homes enjoy a lot of attention – both domestically and internationally. Most importantly, they were co-designed by locals in a participatory process and aim to empower disadvantaged families. The process did not only improve the structural designs, but also transferred ownership during the construction phase. This is of high importance for sustainable success because investments and funding will otherwise significantly loose value. Unfortunately, local ownership reduced over time due to political constraints and social issues between families in Dularchar. Creating an enabling political and social environment thus still poses a challenge, but the project-upscaling aims to tackle these issues. Specifically, during the RISK Award project implementation the following steps will be taken:
The RISK Award was handed over during the closing ceremony of the Global Platform for DRR on 17 May in Geneva. The prize is endowed with 100,000 € project funding.
The Munich Re Foundation, together with its partners UNDRR (formerly UNISDR) and the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (GFR), want to support the next steps of this project and announce it as the winner of the 2019 RISK Award. The international jury chose this project as the most promising one out of 109 applications from 48 countries. The prize was awarded on 17 May 2019 in a ceremony at the 2019 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in Geneva. This high-level event brings together governments and stakeholders to share best practices for reducing disaster risk and building the resilience of communities and nations worldwide.
During the award ceremony, Mami Mizutori, UNDRR Special Representative, highlighted the importance of coastal resilience. Around 40 percent of earth’s population lives nearby coasts. In the face of climate change, they must grow stronger and increase their resilience towards all kinds of hazards. Over 1,000 delegates from all over the world attended the platform in Geneva.
Thomas Loster, Chairman of Munich Re Foundation, emphasized that the Floating Homes Concept was outstandingly ranked by the international RISK Award jury. Nandan Mukherjee, representative of the University of Dundee who also developed the Floating Homes stated: “The Floating Homes are my vision and my life-project. With the RISK Award, my team and I are now able to upscale the idea and improve shortcomings of the initial phase. The project has the potential to positively impact the lives of thousands of people in Bangladesh and elsewhere. With the RISK Award we are able to prove this”.
17 May 2019